The fact is that they are original artworks themes. What exactly are prints?
Novice collectors often mistakenly think that all printed materials are duplicates, just like the posters hanging on the walls of dormitory rooms, which are mechanically copied and sold in large quantities. However, the fact is that prints, even in very rare cases, do appear in the form of posters, and are themselves original artworks. They bear the marks of the artist’s hand and the marks of the printer he or she chose to use. The prints created by our favorite artists are as original as sculptures, paintings, or photographs, and in greater numbers.
First of all, printmaking is an art. Therefore, the price of the original prints at the auction was more than one million dollars. In fact, not long ago, an etched print “La Minotauromachie” by Pablo Picasso was sold for a record $1.98 million. Of course, not all types of printed matter enter the economic stratosphere in this way. As we will see, collecting prints may be a practical, inexpensive method to develop a respectable collection of works of art. It is important to know what to look for.
There are different types of prints
Every savvy collector should know that there are a variety of prints available on the market today. These include, but are not limited to, lithographs, etchings, woodcuts, screen printing, lithographs, dry spots, reliefs, ink-printing, and engraving printing. In this variety, let’s talk about the varieties with the most artistic historical significance: etching, screen printing, lithography and engraving.
Etching: Etching is known for achieving extremely fine contrast, usually using black and white as its palette.
In the Rembrandt era, the basic technique of etching included covering the metal plate with wax and then scraping the image onto the plate with wax. Specially designed needles. Next, the artist immersed the board in acid, which would erode the metal part cut by the needle. When immersed in acid, the board is usually “feathered” or brushed with a feather-like tool so that the air bubbles will not interfere with the acid’s corrosive action. When the printing plate is removed from the acid solution, the wax is wiped away and the ink is pushed into the groove where the acid solution is pierced by the needle.
Screen printing: The origin of screen printing can be traced back to the Song Dynasty in ancient China. Today’s screen printing is mainly related to the popular artist Andy Warhol. Screen printing technology uses mesh to transfer ink to a substrate that is ready to be impermeable in certain places so that the ink does not over-saturate the mesh. This is called the “stencil method” of printmaking because the stencil is used to apply polyester or other fine mesh-like blank areas that are not coated with impermeable substances on the silk screen. Then, the ink is pressed into the mesh by filling the scraper or scraper, so that a more detailed design rendering is produced every time the scraper strokes.
Lithography: To make lithography, the artist first used grease-based media (called “tusche”) to paint on the stone. The stone is then treated with a chemical solution to ensure that the image will attract the printing ink, and the blank areas will repel the ink and attract water. Fix the image with a solvent, and then wet the surface with water. Then, the oily ink is applied to the stone with a roller, and only adheres to the image. Finally, place the stone on a lithographic press and cover it with wet paper and wooden board-pressure strips to ensure that the force is evenly applied to the entire image. The image is printed on the reverse side, and a complex image of multiple colors is printed with a single stone.
Giclée Printing: As computer technology becomes more available to artists, it starts to exist. Graham Nash (Graham Nash) was one of the first to successfully use a computer printer for the printing business. However, in 1991, one of Nash’s employees, the artist Jack Duganne coined the term “Gill”. The word itself derives from the French “gicleur” (gicleur), and today refers to any printing using archival ink, archival paper, and color quality control. For digital artists who want to copy the original two-dimensional artwork while retaining the original rendering effect, Giclee prints are usually a cheap option.
Buying and collecting printed matter: what you need to know
- Emerging collectors should pay attention to a few things when evaluating whether a print is worth its asking price.
- For any aspiring collector, it is unwise to assume that the print is the first edition. It is indeed possible to print a specific version of the print from the artist’s original prints, woodcuts or stones (so it can still be regarded as the original print), and many prints (similar to books) have gone through multiple versions.
- Experienced dealers will know how to evaluate the printing results by the type of printing paper, whether there is a watermark, the overall size of the paper and the consistency of the stamp. Having said that, the first edition is almost always valuable, so don’t be afraid to ask questions and consult experts. This is not only a preventive measure, but also an extension of a real interest in the artist’s work, which can guide people’s curiosity. Overall, the main thing to be wary of is to think that this is a real work while buying counterfeit goods. Since prints signed by artists do increase its value, it should be ensured that no matter what kind of signatures the prints bear, they are legal.
Don’t think that the painter did sign the print. As we all know, immoral people will make real prints and forge the artist’s signature. Prints signed by artists with pencils are more valuable than unsigned works. Therefore, if you want to collect works by A-class artists such as Picasso, Salvador Dali, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Must be extra cautious. Not always a bad thing. The savvy art buyers who are carefully calculating will deliberately look for the unsigned impression of the same print-knowing that there is no difference in aesthetics, but the savings are huge.
Please note that your prints are original. The most certain way to determine whether a printed matter is an original or a duplicate is to check the printed matter based on your knowledge of the printing process. For example, if the printed matter should be a lithographic printing plate, there should be no layout. If there are traces, then what you have is probably a copy. To reiterate, the prints are made by the original process; however, the replicas are only produced by optomechanics. The difference between real prints (numbered members in the series) and replicas can often be discovered by experts, and even if you know more about the technology behind the production of prints, the difference may even appear very obvious.