At the end of this article, you will be able to recognize and use the basic interior design principles used by every interior designer to create great designs, and who knows you might save money or start a new career! Now let’s start from the beginning and understand what interior design is…


Interior design is the process of shaping the experience of interior space by manipulating space volume and surface treatment. Not to be confused with interior decoration. In addition to traditional decoration, interior design also uses environmental psychology, architecture and product design.

  1. Unity and Harmony

When doing interior design, it is necessary to treat the house as a whole. A series of spaces connected by halls and stairs. Therefore, it is appropriate to use common styles and themes throughout. This is not to say that all interior design elements should be the same, but they should work together and complement each other to enhance the overall composition.

Well-designed colors are one way to create this theme or storyline. In general, color schemes are a good way to unify spatial collections. For example, you might choose three or four colors and use them in different shades throughout the house. Using the color wheel may be a good starting point.

2. Balance

For those who have just read this article, this sentence is shortly described as the average distribution of visual weight in the room. There are three balancing methods: symmetrical, asymmetrical and radial.

Symmetrical balance usually appears in traditional interior design. The characteristic of symmetrical balance is that the same object repeats in the same position on either side of the vertical axis, for example, you may remember the old room, and each side of the room is an exact mirror image of the other. This symmetry also reflects the human form, so we are born in a balanced environment.

Nowadays, asymmetric balance is more suitable for design. Balance some visual weight or foreign objects that attract the eye. Asymmetrical balance is more casual and feels less, but more difficult to achieve. Asymmetry implies movement and leads to a more active interior decoration.

Radial symmetry is when all elements of the design are arranged around the center point. Spiral stairs are also a good example of radial balance. Although not often used indoors, if used properly, it can provide interesting countermeasures.

3. Focal Point

The worst enemy of interior design is boredom. A well-designed room will always have one or more focal points based on its size. The focus must be dominant to get people’s attention, and it must be interesting enough to encourage the viewer to look further.

Therefore, the focal point must have a lasting impression, but it must also be an integral part of the decoration linked by proportion, style, color or theme. When we talk about the focal point of a room, most people think of a fireplace or flat-screen TV.

If you don’t have a natural focal point in the space (such as a fireplace), you can create a fireplace by highlighting specific furniture, artwork or simply painting contrasting colors in an area. However, try to maintain a balance so that the focus is not on all your attention.

4. Rhytm

If we were to talk about music, we would describe rhythm as the rhythm of the music. In interior design, the rhythm depends entirely on the repetition of visual patterns. Rhythm is defined as a continuous, recurrent, or organized movement.

In order to implement these themes in your design, you need to consider repetition, progress, transition, and contrast. Using these mechanisms will bring movement to your space and shift your eyes from one design element to another.

Repetition is the use of the same element multiple times throughout the space. You can repeat patterns, colors, textures, lines or any other elements, or even multiple elements.

Progress is absorbing an element and increasing or decreasing one or more qualities. The most obvious implementation is to sort by size. Because of the natural progression of the display, clusters of candles of different sizes on a simple tray aroused interest. You can also achieve gradients through colors.

For example, in a monochrome colour scheme, the hue of each element is slightly different.

Transition is difficult to define. Unlike repetition or gradual progress, the transition tends to be smooth, and the human eye will naturally slide from one area to another. The most common transition is the use of curves to gently guide the eye, such as arched doorways or winding paths.

Finally, the contrast is very simple. The hallmark of this design principle is to place two elements facing each other, such as the black and white pillows on the sofa. The opposition can also be implied by contrast in form, such as circles and squares used together.

Contrast can be very harsh and is often used to make a space full of energy. Please be careful not to introduce too much contrast to undo any hard work done with other mechanisms!

5. Detail

Another important element of interior design is the detailed design. From the decoration on the lampshade, the color of the pipe on the diffuser to the light switch, and the cabinet handle, you need to pay attention. Unlike colors, people find the details to be boring.

As a result, it will be ignored and skimmed or ignored in general. The color represents the overall spirit and life of the program. Details are an important basis for interior design. The details should not be obvious, but they should be correct to enhance the overall feel of the room.

Scale and proportion – these two design principles coexist because they are both related to size and shape. Proportion is related to the ratio of a design element to another design element or the entire design element. Scaling is related to the size of one object relative to another.

Color-When doing interior design, color has a certain impact on the atmosphere you want to create. More detailed articles on how colors affect our mood.

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